Enrich your English grammar skills by learning Pronouns and Adjectives
Pronouns are words which replace a noun or a group of nouns and even adjectives. They may cause certain confusion in understanding (reading/listening) and production (speaking and writing).
1. Subject personal pronouns
This is the type of pronouns you usually know because you learn them when you learn how to conjugate.
|I||I love English.|
|You||You are intelligent.|
|He||He is kind.|
|She||She is pretty.|
|It||It is Friday today.|
|We||We are all in the same room.|
|You||You are so cute.|
|They||They work very hard.|
Be careful to the neutral it which can replace an object, situation or animal. For animals, all depends on the relationship you have with the latter. Boats are replaced by the subject pronoun she .
2. Object personal pronouns
They are used when you refer to a pronoun which function is the one of a direct or indirect object. To find out, you need to ask the question: what/who? To whom/ what? From whom/what? In I write to her every month, her answers to the question: Who do you write to? To her.
|Me||Leo loves me.|
|You, like you.|
|Him||Patricia fancies him.|
|Her||I’m going on holiday with her.|
|It||You dislike it a lot.|
|Us||The room is occupied by us.|
|You||They are fans of you.|
|Them||She is happy to work for them.|
3. Possessive pronouns
They refer to something we own or answer the question whose. They shouldn’t be confused with possessive adjectives which accompany a noun or noun group buy don’t replace a noun. My car is blue with a possessive adjective is different from Which car do you have ? Mine is red with a possessive pronoun which replaces « my car ».
|Mine||Her laptop is off but mine is on.|
|Yours||Look at her dress! Yours is nicer.|
|His||My cat is black and his is red.|
|Hers||Your table is clean and hers too.|
|Its||Delphine’s cat is adorable.|
|Ours||His company is a start-up and ours is a big corporation.|
|Yours||These shoes are beautiful and yours are exceptional.|
|Theirs||Delphine and Gregoire have a sailing boat. Theirs is red when mine is blue.|
4. Possessive adjectives
They ontroduce and qualify a noun or noun group. Contrary to possessive pronouns, they don’t replace any noun, they only accompany nouns or noun groups.
|My||I signed my contract yesterday.|
|Your||Your best friend is Zineb.|
|His||His car has recently broken down.|
|Her||Her phone is huge.|
|Its||The cat drowned and its puppies followed.|
|Our||Our parents brought us up well.|
|Your||Your grandmother was clever.|
|Their||Their father is a Professor.|
5. Demonstrative adjectives
Demonstrative adjectives qualify a noun or noun group. They can be groups by the ones which refer to the things which are close and can be reached by hand (this-these) and to the things which are far (that-those). They exist in the singular (this-that) and in the plural (these-those).
|Close||This (sg)||This notebook is mine.|
|These (pl)||These pens are special.|
|Far||That (sg)||That person looks angry.|
|Those (pl)||Those books are heavy.|
6. Reflexive pronouns
Reflexive pronouns refer to the speakers themselves.
|Myself||I see myself as a generous person.|
|Yourself||Look at yourself in the mirror and enjoy!|
|Himself||Her boss things highly of himself.|
|Herself||Your mother cut herself when peeling vegetables.|
|Itself||The bird was amusing itself in the zoo.|
|Ourselves||We have to prepare ourselves for the test.|
|Yourselves||Introduce yourselves to the director.|
|Themselves||They decided to kill themselves like Romeo and Juliette.|
Be careful : the reflexive pronouns of your mother tongue may not be reflexive in English.
7. Reciprocal pronouns
There are two reciprocal pronouns each other and one another. It is when one speaker/a group of speakers have a reciprocal action (with/to one another). For example: John and Peter don’t like each other/one another.