How TOEFL Score is Calculated?
The TOEFL has four sections: Reading, Listening, Speaking, and Writing. For each of those sections, you get a score from 0-30, which means your total TOEFL score will be from 0-120. You’ll receive one or more points, depending on the type of question, for each question you answer correctly. Each section has a separate measure and each measure has its own scale. In this article we will give you an idea about how TOEFL score is calculated.
Note that there is no penalty for choosing a wrong answer.
TOEFL scores are recognized by over 9000 colleges, universities and organizations is one of the most popular tests conducted to evaluate a candidate’s English language proficiency. It is taken across 130 test centres in the world; TOEFL is a highly competitive test of your English proficiency since it facilitates admission at some of the best-known universities in the world. Since 97% of TOEFL test-takers take the computer-based TOEFL (iBT), all the information provided below about score calculation is in the context of the TOEFL iBT test.
After finding your raw score for each section, you can use the TOEFL score calculator chart to convert those numbers into scaled scores. Having this information is useful because it helps you get an accurate idea of how well you’re doing on practice tests, which you can use to adjust your studying in order to meet your TOEFL score goals.
This particular article will cover how students can sum up the raw scores and convert them into scaled scores.
There are two types of test scores- Raw and Scaled scores
What are RAW scores?
The total number of questions you answer correctly on each section of the TOEFL is what test makers call a “raw” score. It is basically a sum of correct answers by the student for each section.
What are the SCALED scores?
Scaled scores are scores obtained after applying certain transformations to the raw scores.
How to Calculate Raw Scores for Each TOEFL Section?
After you take a practice TOEFL, use the below instructions to calculate your raw score for each section of the test. For some sections, you can just add up the number of questions you answered correctly, while for others you’ll need to use rubrics to get your raw TOEFL iBT score calculation. Remember, raw scores aren’t what you see on your score report, so you need to look at our raw to scaled score conversion charts in the next section to figure out what your final TOEFL scores will be.
- Reading (iBT Raw Score Range:0-45)
All Reading questions are multiple choices, and each question will be worth 1-3 points. The majority of questions are single-answer multiple-choice questions where you are given four answer choices and only one is correct. Each of these questions is worth one point. At the end of most passage question sets is a question type known as “Reading to Learn.” For these questions, you’ll be asked to organize the main points of the passage in either a chart or a summary. Unlike other Reading questions, Reading to Learn questions are worth 2-3 points. The number of points the question is worth will be stated beneath the question, and partial credit is possible.
To calculate your Reading raw score, simply give yourself one point for every multiple choice question you answered correctly (and potentially 2-3 points for every Reading to Learn question). The sum of these points is your raw score.
- Listening (iBT Raw Score Range: 0-34)
All questions are multiple choices, and most will have one correct answer. However, there will also be some questions with two correct answers and questions where you need to organize events or facts. Unlike Reading, each of these questions will only be worth one point, so there are no Listening questions worth multiple points.
To calculate your raw Listening score, give yourself one point for each question you answered correctly. The sum is your raw score.
- Speaking (iBT Raw Score Range: 0-24)
The best way to estimate your raw score for this section is to use the below-given scoring table.
Add those six task scores together for your raw Speaking score.
|0||Didn’t answer, answered in a language other than English, or the speech was incomprehensible.|
|1||Speech was minimally related to the topic; speech had numerous errors, was choppy, and/or was largely incomprehensible.|
|2||Speech mostly stuck to the topic, Speech was basically intelligible, but had several mistakes in pronunciation, grammar, or was too simple in vocabulary and style.|
|3||Speech addresses and fulfils topic, with minor exceptions. Speech is mostly intelligible and fluid though may have some issues with pronunciation, grammar, or vocabulary.|
|4||Speech addresses and completely fulfils topic. Speech has a fluid and well-paced flow, with only minor lapses in pronunciation or grammar.|
- Writing (iBT Raw Score Range: 0-10)
There are two Writing tasks, the Independent Writing Task and the Integrated Writing Task. Each is given a score from 0-5 (whole points only). Like Speaking, for Writing you’ll need to grade your own responses against the below-given table, but this section is often easier since you’ll have your essays right there to look over as you’re grading yourself.
|0||No essay, essay is unconnected to the topic, or essay is not in English.|
|1||Little or no response to the prompt or essay is mostly incomprehensible.|
|2||Essay somewhat follows a topic, but shows significant difficulties in language, organization, and development.|
|3||3 = Essay mostly follows topic and has some general organization and development. Uses some examples but has some errors in grammar or vocabulary.|
|4||Essays follow a topic, but is somewhat unorganized or is not fully developed. Essay uses relevant examples, but lacks some clarity|
|5||Essays follow a topic, is well developed and organized and uses relevant examples. Clearly ties examples to a thesis statement. Essay demonstrates the accurate use of vocabulary, grammar, and sentence structure with some minor errors.|
How to Calculate Scaled Scores for Each TOEFL Section?
After you have calculated your raw scores for each section, you can figure out what scaled score each corresponds to by looking at the column on the far left.
Remember, the TOEFL score table will vary slightly for each test, so this isn’t an exact conversion, but it’ll get you a good estimate of what your score would be on the real exam.
|0||9 and below||8 and below||0,1||0|
Why Are These Calculations Important?
By calculating the TOEFL score you get an accurate score for practice tests so you have a better idea of how close you are to your TOEFL goal scores and where you need to make improvements.
Knowing the scaled score you got and how that compares to your goal scores is much more helpful for studying than just knowing you got. Also, if you keep track of how many questions you weren’t sure about on test day, you can use that info to check the TOEFL score tables once you’re back home and try to get a rough idea of how well you did on the TOEFL without waiting for your official score report.
The test you take may include extra questions in the Reading or Listening section that do not count toward your TOEFL score. These are either questions that allow ETS to make test scores comparable across administrations or new questions that help ETS determine how such questions function under actual testing conditions. It is recommended to read the timing instructions for the Reading Section carefully. The instructions will indicate how many passages you will receive and the amount of time you have to respond to questions for those passages. Make sure to pace yourself so that you have time to answer all the questions without leaving any answered.
Score reports are available online about ten days after you take the test, and the official score reports your institution probably requires are mailed a little bit later, about 13 days after you take the test. So in all, it will be about three weeks after you take the test when your institution actually receives your score report.
So it is better to calculate your practice test scores and use them to measure your progress and preparedness, but don’t be surprised if your official score is a slightly different number. Hopefully, this will point you in the right direction, and ultimately keep you from needing to retake because you didn’t estimate correctly.
I am sure, I was able to give a clear understanding of “How TOEFL Score is Calculated” in this article.
Also please check our “TOEFL iBT” article for more details about the TOEFL iBT exam.